Terpenes play a very important role when it comes to hemp products. They’re responsible for how each strain smells. You find them in the same part of the plant that makes cannabinoids like CBD. The only difference is that they’re not cannabinoids. Instead, terpenes are aromatic oils that help make each strain distinct.
How terpenes develop within a particular strain comes from a wide variety of factors. Climate, soil type, fertilizers, and even the age of a plant can impact terpenes. Surprisingly, the time of day can also alter how a plant smells.
There are over 100 different terpenes in cannabis plants. Each lean toward a distinct aroma. Because of their influence on the plant, terpenes can be a valuable ingredient in many hemp-derived products.
While each terpene has its own aroma profile, it also may have a unique effect when ingested. More research is still needed to understand the role terpenes can play. However, some consistencies are already noticeable. For example, certain terpenes promote relaxation or relieve stress. Others may help with focus. Assumptions about terpenes get made based on the strains where they’re most commonly found. If the plant has a reputation for providing a certain effect, the terpenes within it may help enhance that effect.
There are five terpenes that appear most often in cannabis plants. Each has a distinct smell, and is also found in other plants.
Even with their own aroma and potential effect, terpenes may play a central role on the effect cannabinoids have. This is the entourage effect. Two or more compounds mixing together either enhance or downplay the effects of each other.
Because of the entourage effect, you’ll often find products made from full-spectrum oil. This particular type of oil contains the entire plant. CBD, terpenes, and other cannabinoids all come together, to work together. All the plant components found in full-spectrum oil amplify each other’s therapeutic benefits. This gives terpenes a place to shine. They contribute the aroma as well as supporting the potential medicinal benefits of the oil.
As with most compounds extracted from the cannabis plant, there are a variety of ways you can extract terpenes. Options fit into two categories, solventless and solvent-based. Solventless extraction uses heat and pressure to separate compounds from hemp. The upside to this process is that there’s no solvent to potentially dilute what’s extracted. The downside is the extreme heat may alter or destroy the terpenes themselves.
Solvent-based extraction uses a lower boiling point. You have options on what kind of solvent to use, each with its own pros and cons. Some popular solvent choices include butane hash oil, carbon dioxide, live resin, and ethanol. Ethanol is currently gaining in popularity. It’s safer than butane and more efficient than live resin.
Since scent is such a huge part of how we taste, keeping terpenes intact during the extraction process is important for many products. It also ensures they can play their therapeutic role as well. For superior extracts, look no further than Arbor Vita8. We combine industry experience with top-notch equipment within our high-end facility to put us above the competition. We can help you create the highest-quality extracts through our fully-automated, ethanol-based extractor.